Eye of Horus
Painting from an Egyptian papyrus showing the lunar eye (“Eye of Horus”), detail. Now in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden.
Wadjet as Wadjet-Bast, depicted as the body of a woman with a lioness head, wearing the uraeus.
Wadjet (“green one”) was an ancient local goddess of the city of Dep aka Buto. It became part of the city that the Egyptians named House of Wadjet, an important site in the Predynastic era. She was said to be the patron and protector of Lower Egypt and, upon unification, the joint protector of all of Egypt. The image of Wadjet with the sun disk is called the uraeus – it was the emblem on the crown of the rulers of Lower Egypt. She was the protector of kings and of women in childbirth. As the patron goddess, she was associated with the land and depicted as a snake-headed woman or a snake – usually an Egyptian cobra – sometimes as a woman with 2 snake heads, others times, a snake with a woman’s head. Her oracle was in the renowned temple in Per-Wadjet that was dedicated to her worship and gave the city its name. This oracle may have been the source for the oracular tradition that spread to Greece from Egypt.
The Going Forth of Wadjet was celebrated on December 25 with chants and songs. An annual festival held in the city celebrated Wadjet on April 21. Other important dates for special worship of her were June 21, the Summer Solstice, and March 14. She also was assigned the 5th hour of the 5th day of the moon. She was closely associated in the Egyptian pantheon with the Eye of Ra, a powerful protective deity. Per-Wadjet also contained a sanctuary of Horus, the child of the sun deity who would be interpreted to represent the pharaoh. Much later, Wadjet became associated with Isis as well as with many other deities.
~ Mosaic Plaque with Wedjat-Eye.
Period/Culture: Roman, Egyptian
Place of origin: Egypt
Date: 25 B.C.-A.D. 99
A winged serpent from The Annals of Psychical Science, Vol. VII, 1908.
gold amulet of the Eye of Horus (the ‘Udjat’-Eye) from the northern Necropolis of Meroë (Beg. N 18), Sudan; ca. 75–100 CE. Now in the Museum of Fine Arts of Boston..
Eye of Horus
Is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health. The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet. The Eye of Horus is similar to the Eye of Ra which belongs to a different god, Ra but represents many of the same concepts. Wadjet was one of the earliest of Egyptian deities who later became associated with other goddesses such as Bast, Sekhmet, Mut and Hathor. She was the tutelary deity of Lower Egypt and the major Delta shrine was under her protection. Hathor is also depicted with this eye. Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Wedjat was intended to protect the pharaoh in the afterlife and to ward off evil. Ancient Egyptian and Middle-Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.
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Wadjet, Mistress of Heaven
Hello! Today’s drawing is a commission made for @bunniflower
It’s my first time drawing Mistress Wadjet, so I hope I pay good honour to her beauty. I hope all her devotees like it!! Enjoy it!!
Medschool starts next week for me, so I won’t be able to do more commissions, but if you want to help me it will be greatly appreciated!
Egyptian Lapis Lazuli Eye of Horus in Gold Ring, Third Intermediate Period, 1069-702 BC
A carved lapis lazuli amulet of the wedjat with ribbed brow, set in a later gold ring