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Provenience: Egypt, Memphis (Egypt)
Locus: Sacred enclosure of the temple of the god Ptah
Period: New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
Date Made: 1293-1185 BCE
From the site: Red granite Sphinx of Ramesses II, (19th Dynasty, circa 1293-1185 BCE). It was excavated from the sacred enclosure of the temple of the god Ptah at Memphis, Egypt. The sphinx, a lion with a human head, represents the power of the Egyptian king, both to protect his people and to conquer the enemies of Egypt. This statue was buried up to its shoulders; only the exposed head was attacked by windblown sand, which eroded the facial features and the royal false beard. The inscriptions on the chest and around the base give the five names of Ramesses II. His son and successor, Merenptah, added his own cartouches to the shoulders after his father’s death. This sphinx, the third largest known in the world was quarried at Aswan and transported by river to the Ptah Temple at Memphis, 600 miles away. While it has never been placed on a scale, it is estimated to weigh over 14 tons.
Sphinx Amulet, Metropolitan Museum of Art: Egyptian Art
Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
“You can’t look back – you just have to put the past behind you, and find something better in your future.” ― Jodi Picoult
📍 Sphinx. Giza Pyramids. Egypt 🇪🇬
#iregipto #egyptpassion #retreat #history #civilization #heritage #visit_egypt #calm #sunset #gizapyramids #sphinx (at Great Sphinx of Giza)
~ Scarab Depicting a Winged Sphinx.
Place of origin: Egypt
Period: Middle Kingdom to New Kingdom, 12th–20th dynasties (1991–1081 B.C.)
How did the Ancient Egyptians view their primordial beginnings? What was their view on creation? How did they explain their existence to themselves?
The answer isn’t as simple as you may think.
The Ancient Egyptians believed that their existence came into being spontaneously. The world is said to of risen from an infinite, lifeless sea called Nu. This was called the Zep Tepi or First Occasion.
The beginnings of creation varied between different parts of Egypt. Common elements of all these myths include the Benben. This was a mound shape that rose out of the waters of Nu – giving life.
Another common element is the Cosmic Egg – a substitute for the primitive waters or the primordial mound. Life spilled out and spread across the land.
Other players in creation included; The Ogdoad. These were eight divine beings who sprung life into Egypt. The god Atum and his offspring, the deity Ptah and the mysterious god Amun. All of these elements played key parts in the overall Egyptian creation myths. Some intertwining with each other.
Although there are conflicting accounts on how the Egyptians believed their universe started, its important to note than even by the end of the Old Kingdom (2181 BC), the Egyptians themselves had mostly forgotten the roots of these myths.
Hermopolis, Heliopolis, Memphis and Thebes all had a slightly different view on how Egypt came into existence. Creation was complicated.
#ancient #iregipto #egyptpassion #ancientegypt #egypt #ancienthistory #sphinx #giza #pyramid #wow #sky #stars #cosmic #creation #colour #stone #sculpture #beautiful #interesting #fact #photography #egyptology #travel #human #humanhistory #discovery #worldhistory #world #museum #astronomy
Great Sphinx of Giza with the Pyramid of Khafre behind, Giza Plateau.