Fertility procession: Harpocrates
with phallus bearers
This group figure shows two priests in long robes that bear a figure of the god
(”Horus the Child”). The god has a huge phallus that is resting at the front on two dwarf figures with lion masks. They represent the dwarf-god Bes, a well-known protector of fertility and sexuality.
Terracotta, height 40 cm. From Saqqara. Ptolemaic Period, ca. 300-100 BC. Now in the
Rijksmuseum van Oudheden,
Relief depicting Ptolemaic King blessed by the gods and given an Ankh (”Symbol of eternal life”),
detail of a wall carving from the Double Temple of Sobek and Haroeris. Ptolemaic Period, ca. 305-30 BC.
A goddess holding an Ankh (”key of life”), detail of a wall relief from the
Double Temple of Sobek and Haroeris, Kom Ombo.
Head of Queen Berenice II, daughter of Magas, King of Cyrene (modern Libya), wife of
Ptolemy III Euergetes. Ptolemaic Period, ca. 267-221 BC. Now in the Louvre.
Statue of a Ptolemaic Queen, perhaps Cleopatra VII
The statue represents a Ptolemaic queen holding a cornucopia. Attributes and dress point to a date in the second or first century BC., and one recent study notes that details of the queen’s hairstyle suggest identification with Cleopatra VII. However, the cartouche actually reading “Cleopatra” on this statue’s arm would be a highly unusual occurrence, and is, moreover, incorrectly oriented, so that it is probably a modern addition.
Dolomitic limestone. Ptolemaic Period, ca. 305-30 BC. Now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Facade of the pronaos of the temple dedicated to the goddess Hathor.
The Hathoric columns topped by sistri are typical.
Ptolemaic Period, ca. 305-30 BC. Dendera, Upper Egypt