Category: old kingdom


Ancient Egyptian Vase

This vase was found in a tomb dates to the Old Kingdom (ca. 2686-2181 BC), it is an object handed down from generation to generation: the wavy handle is in fact a decorative motif typical of the Predynastic Period (ca. 4400-3100 BC). Considering the technology available at the time of its creation, almost 5000 years ago, this object is a true masterpiece of art and technology. 

To make this vase was used a rock, called black porphyry, composed of minerals of different sizes. This choice has made the process far from easy because these minerals respond differently to mechanical stresses, increasing the risk of breakage. It is now in the Egyptian Museum of Turin.

Khafre Enthroned

Diorite statue of king Khafra on throne with wings of falcon god Horus wrapped around his head, from the Valley Temple of Khafre near the Sphinx of Giza.

Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, reign of Khafra, around ca. 2570 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Statue of Pepi I


statue of king Pepi I Meryre, detail of the head found at Hierakonpolis. Old Kingdom, 6th Dynasty, reign of Pepi I Meryre, ca. 2332-2287 BC. Now at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.




The intact full-size ship of King Khufu, around ca. 2500 BC, is now preserved in the Giza Solar boat museum at the base of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Grinding Model

Funerary sculpture of a model grinding grain, preparing for baking or brewing, from Saqqara. Old Kingdom, 6th Dynasty, ca. 2325-2175 BC. Now in the Ashmlean Museum, University of Oxford.

Statue of Seneb and his family

This statue of the dwarf Seneb and his family was found in a tomb in the Western Cemetery of Giza, next to the tomb of Perniankhu. Seneb worked in the royal palace associated with the royal wardrobe, and was also Chief of the Dwarfs in the Palace, his position made him rich, as it is known that he owned thousands of cattle.

This is one of the most beautiful group statues of the Old Kingdom, he is shown sitting cross-legged, with his hands joined across his chest. His wife sits to his left, holding him with her hands, and we can see a slight smile on her face. She wears a long dress with sleeves, and a wig. Their children can be seen standing below Seneb’s crossed legs preserving the composition of the piece, as if Seneb’s legs were hanging down, and adding to the sense of symmetry.

From the Tomb of Seneb, G 1036, Giza West Field. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, ca. 2520 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 51280

Egypt uncovers Old Kingdom cemetery

Egypt’s antiquities ministry unveiled a 4,500-year-old burial ground near the Giza pyramids containing colorful wooden coffins and limestone statues dating back to the Old Kingdom.

The site on the southeastern side of Giza plateau contains tombs and burial shafts from various periods, but the oldest is a limestone family tomb from the fifth dynasty (around 2500 BC), the ministry said.

The tomb was that of two people: Behnui-Ka, who had seven titles including the Priest and the Judge, and Nwi, also known as Chief of the Great State and “purifier” of the king Khafra.

Read more.

Statue of Meryrahashtef

Striding figure of Meryrahashtef, from Sedment, Tomb of Meryrahashtef T274. Made of ebony. Old Kingdom, 6th Dynasty, ca. 2345-2181 BC. Now in the British Museum, EA55722.


false door of Nikaure

A relief on the false door of Nikaure who was a priest of the god Ra and the goddess Hathor in the sun-temple of King Neferirkare. Here Nikaure’s mother-in-law Hetepheres and his wife Ihat are shown embracing. 

Old Kingdom, 5th dynasty, ca. 2494 – 2345 BC. Saqqara Necropolis. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

The Great Sphinx of Giza

View of the Great Sphinx of Giza with the Pyramid of Khafre behind.