2,300-Year-Old Mummy Unveiled in Saqqara near the Pyramid of Teti
The 2300 year old mummy wearing a golden mask was discovered at Egypt’s Saqqara Pyramids complex south of Cairo in May 2005. The mummy is unidentified from the 30th dynasty, had been closed in a wooden sarcophagus and buried in sand at the bottom of a 20’ shaft before being discovered by Louvre’s Saqqara excavations team. The identity of the mummy is unknown but it is believed that it is from the 30th dynasty (380-343 BC). The ancient Egyptian was probably wealthy owing to the fine gold used to make the mummy’s mask and the location of the burial. Photos: Sandro Vannini
Mummy of Prince Amenemhat before Unwrapping, 1919, by Ambrose Lansing
Immediately after World War I, before the excavation staff could be reassembled for a full-scale field season, Ambrose Lansing conducted the Museum’s excavations at Thebes. While his work¬men were clearing at the edge of the cliffs south of Deir el-Bahari, they uncovered a child’s coffin. The mummy inside belonged to a prince Amenemhat, who had lived in the early Eighteenth Dynasty. The openwork pectoral, carved from a thin piece of wood, depicts Amenhotep I (ca. 1500 B.C.), who may have been the child’s father, smiting the enemies of Egypt.
Prince Amenemhat is perfectly bound in linen and adorned with the image and cartouche of Amenhotep I—wrapped and labeled for safe passage to the afterlife. Lansing photographed the mummy in a softer, less clinical manner than is evident in many of Burton’s photographs, placing it against a backdrop of linen similar to the wrapping itself. In addition, Lansing has lifted the mummy slightly so that light passes below, helping to define its right edge and, more expressively, suggesting lightness and levitation.
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 130
Mummy of Queen Henuttawy
Henuttawy was the wife of Pinedjem I of the 21st Dynasty (ca. 1070-645 BC). Her mummy was found in the Deir el-Bahari cache. A golden embalming plate was found inside the stomach of the queen, bearing the eye of Horus, the names of the four sons of Horus, and an inscription including the name of the queen. Her body exhibits many of the new techniques that developed for mummification in the Third Intermediate Period, notably the subcutaneous packing of linen and sawdust to preserve the shape of the body. In this case, however, the face of the mummy had burst due to being too tightly packed, it was restored to its original form in 1974. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.
Illustration for “Le Roman de la Momie” by Théophile Gautier, edition Eryx, 1947
Milivoj Uzelac (Croatian, 1897-1977)
Mummy of Ramesses I (1292-1290 BC), the founding pharaoh of 19th Dynasty. Now in the Luxor Museum.
Marble and obsidian inlaid eyes on golden mummy. Graeco-Roman Period. Valley of the Golden Mummies, Bahariya Oasis. Photo Kenneth Garrett
Fragment of a coffin, Anubis and the Ba bird ‘soul’ of the deceased.
Paint, stucco, and varnish on wood. Overall: 22 ¼ x 10 ¾ in. (56.5 x 27.3 cm)
Third Intermediate Period,
ca. 1075-712 BC.
Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia
Preparation of two mummies for the purification ceremony,
fragment of a wall painting
from the tomb of Meryma’at. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, ca. 1550-1292 BC. Now in the National Archaeological Museum of Florence.
Mummified body of pharaoh Ramesses the Great
wrapped in linen
with arms crossed
over the chest, c.1880-1900. From the collection of Rijksmuseum.
Google Cultural Institute
Eduardo Toda y Güell (Spanish Egyptologist, 1855-1941) who
discovered and opened the intact tomb of Sennedjem,
standing with ancient Egyptian mummies at Boulaq Museum, 1885