Category: memphis

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~ False door from the tomb chapel of Irty-Ptah. He was a priest of Ptah and a Scribe of Divine Offering in the Temple of Ptah at Memphis.

Place of origin: Egypt, Saqqara (?)

Period: Old Kingdom, 6th Dynasty

Date: 2350-2170 B.C.

Medium: Limestone


Ancient Egyptian amulet depicting a ram-headed falcon, made from gold, lapis lazuli, turquoise, and carnelian.  Artist unknown; 26th regnal year of Ramesses II “the Great” = 1254 BCE.  Found in the tomb of an Apis bull in the Serapeum of Memphis, Saqqara; now in the Louvre.  Photo credit: Guillaume Blanchard/Wikimedia Commons.


Provenience: Egypt, Memphis (Egypt)
Locus: Sacred enclosure of the temple of the god Ptah
Period: New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
Date Made: 1293-1185 BCE
Section: Egyptian
Materials: Granite
Iconography: Sphinx
From the site: Red granite Sphinx of Ramesses II, (19th Dynasty, circa 1293-1185 BCE). It was excavated from the sacred enclosure of the temple of the god Ptah at Memphis, Egypt. The sphinx, a lion with a human head, represents the power of the Egyptian king, both to protect his people and to conquer the enemies of Egypt. This statue was buried up to its shoulders; only the exposed head was attacked by windblown sand, which eroded the facial features and the royal false beard. The inscriptions on the chest and around the base give the five names of Ramesses II. His son and successor, Merenptah, added his own cartouches to the shoulders after his father’s death. This sphinx, the third largest known in the world was quarried at Aswan and transported by river to the Ptah Temple at Memphis, 600 miles away. While it has never been placed on a scale, it is estimated to weigh over 14 tons.


Ramses II colossal statue in the Memphis open air museum in Egypt.

Colossus of Ramesses II The Colossus of Ramesses is an enormous statue carved in limestone. It is about 10m (33.8 ft) long, even though it has no feet, and is located near the village of Mit Rahina. A small museum has been built to house this magnificent piece. The fallen colossus was found near the south gate of the temple of Ptah, located about 30m from the huge limestone statue of Ramesses. Some of the original colors are still partly preserved.


Statue of Ramesses II and Ptah-Tatenen


statue of Ramesses II with Ptah-Tatenen, from the Temple of Ptah at Memphis. New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, ca. 1279-1213 BC. Now in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen. ÆIN 1483

Colossal statue of a pharaoh

View of the


Sphinx of Memphis. It is unknown which pharaoh is being honored and there are no inscriptions to supply information. The facial features imply that the Sphinx is honoring Hatshepsut or Amenhotep II or Amenhotep III. The Alabaster Sphinx of Memphis is the largest calcite statue ever discovered.

Photo: Clerici Fabrizio, 1950-1960


A statue of Ptah, chief god of Memphis, patron of craftsmanship, metalworking, carpenters, shipbuilders, and sculpture (gilded and gessoed wood with faience). From from the Tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62). Valley of the Kings, West Thebes. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.


Seated Anubis

Detail of two seated Anubis incised on the


sarcophagus of

Ankh-Hor, from Memphis. Late Period, 26th Dynasty, ca. 664-332 BC. Now in the Neues Museum.

Archaeologists discover ‘massive’ ancient building in Egypt

The building is likely part of the residential block of the area, which was the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis. Archaeologists also uncovered an attached building that includes a large Roman bath and a chamber likely used for religious rituals.

A basin in a chamber that was likely used for religious rituals, that was recently discovered in the town of Mit Rahina.

Photo courtesy Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities via AP