~ Goddess Isis.
Date: A.D. 1st century
~ Goddess Isis.
Date: A.D. 1st century
“Isis” by KateMaxpaint (DeviantArt)
A statuette of the goddess Isis and her divine son Horus, powerful symbols of rebirth in ancient Egypt. The item dates back to the Ptolemaic Period (332 – 30 BCE) and is made of Egyptian faience, a manufactured glazed ceramic material. This lovely piece (55.121.5) is on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA. Photo (edited): Public Domain
Isis was a major goddess in Egypt. She was first mentioned in the Old Kingdom (circa 2686 – 2160 BCE) as one of the main characters of the Osiris myth, where she had conquered death through love; she was the symbol of the mysterious creative power which had produced the earth and all living things. Isis was believed to help the dead enter the afterlife as she had helped Osiris, and she was considered the divine mother of the king, who was associated with Horus. Moreover, her maternal tenderness was invoked in healing spells to benefit ordinary people.
The worship of Isis spread throughout the Greco world with the start of the Ptolemaic Period. As Ptolemaic and the wider Hellenistic culture was absorbed by Rome in the first century BCE, the cult of Isis became part of Roman religion.
Early Christians sometimes worshiped before the statues of Isis suckling the infant Horus, seeing in them another form of the ancient and noble myth by which woman, creating all things, becomes at last the Mother of God. The worship of Isis was ended by the rise of Christianity in the fourth and fifth centuries CE. This gave way to Christian full veneration of Mary, who is also revered in Islam for giving virgin birth to Allah’s Prophet Jesus who, according to the Quran, was conceived by her through the intervention of the divine spirit, archangel Gabriel. #egyptpassion #iregipto #egypt#thegiftsofmindfulness #ashleymariemoderndayalchemist
Wadjet as Wadjet-Bast, depicted as the body of a woman with a lioness head, wearing the uraeus.
Wadjet (“green one”) was an ancient local goddess of the city of Dep aka Buto. It became part of the city that the Egyptians named House of Wadjet, an important site in the Predynastic era. She was said to be the patron and protector of Lower Egypt and, upon unification, the joint protector of all of Egypt. The image of Wadjet with the sun disk is called the uraeus – it was the emblem on the crown of the rulers of Lower Egypt. She was the protector of kings and of women in childbirth. As the patron goddess, she was associated with the land and depicted as a snake-headed woman or a snake – usually an Egyptian cobra – sometimes as a woman with 2 snake heads, others times, a snake with a woman’s head. Her oracle was in the renowned temple in Per-Wadjet that was dedicated to her worship and gave the city its name. This oracle may have been the source for the oracular tradition that spread to Greece from Egypt.
The Going Forth of Wadjet was celebrated on December 25 with chants and songs. An annual festival held in the city celebrated Wadjet on April 21. Other important dates for special worship of her were June 21, the Summer Solstice, and March 14. She also was assigned the 5th hour of the 5th day of the moon. She was closely associated in the Egyptian pantheon with the Eye of Ra, a powerful protective deity. Per-Wadjet also contained a sanctuary of Horus, the child of the sun deity who would be interpreted to represent the pharaoh. Much later, Wadjet became associated with Isis as well as with many other deities.
Statuette of Isis with Horus
Solid cast bronze statuette of Isis with Horus on her laps.
Isis’ name is first attested in the fifth dynasty in the Pyramid texts. She was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. The large number of Isis statuettes in this particular pose demonstrate some of the qualities for which Isis was most valued in the first millennium BC: her role as a life-giver and protector.
This statuette is dates to the Late Period, 7th century BC-6th century BC. Collection of State Hermitage, St. Petersburg.
the Temple of the Goddess Isis (dedicated also to the two deified brothers Peteese and Pihor) from Tutzis (now called “Dendur”), Lower Kush/Nubia.
Now in the Metropolitan Museum of New York…