Wooden statuette of a bearer from the tomb of Niankhpepi
The figure of the bearer falls within the category of domestic servants, fated to serve their master for eternity.This one was found with many others in the tomb of a high dignitary of the 6th Dynasty called Niankhpepi.
The inscription of all titles on the base of the statue informs us that he was referred to as"the black". The servant is shown advancing carrying a pack on his back decorated with a leopard skin and fitted with a support for it to be rested on the ground. His right hand holds a wicker container decorated with geometric patterns. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.
“Where are the tombs of Alexander the Great or Cleopatra? Both rulers were buried in Egypt, but their tombs have never been found despite years of intensive research and excavation. Yet we have tantalizing clues. Searching for the Lost Tombs of Egypt describes the quest for these and other great ‘missing’ tombs – those we know existed, but which have not yet been identified. It also discusses key moments of discovery that have yielded astonishing finds and created the archetypal image of the archaeologist poised at the threshold of a tomb left untouched for millennia.
Tombs, mummies, and funerary items make up a significant portion of the archaeological remains that survive ancient Egypt and have come to define the popular perception of Egyptology. Despite the many sensational discoveries in the last century, such as the tomb of Tutankhamun, the tombs of some of the most famous individuals in the ancient world―Imhotep, Nefertiti, Alexander the Great, and Cleopatra―have not yet been found.”
― Searching for the Lost Tombs of Egypt, by Chris Naunton
Settle into some Sunday reading with a selection of five books curated by Elizabeth Frood, a lecturer in Egyptology at the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford. Here are her five book recommendations that take us away from the elite context of Egyptian history and focus on the ‘normal’ live of Egyptians.
“Female rulers are a rare phenomenon–but thousands of years ago in ancient Egypt, women reigned supreme. Regularly, repeatedly, and with impunity, queens like Hatshepsut, Nefertiti, and Cleopatra controlled the totalitarian state as power-brokers and rulers. But throughout human history, women in positions of power were more often used as political pawns in a male-dominated society. What was so special about ancient Egypt that provided women this kind of access to the highest political office? What was it about these women that allowed them to transcend patriarchal obstacles? What did Egypt gain from its liberal reliance on female leadership, and could today’s world learn from its example?”
Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (3 June 1853 – 28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artifacts. He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt in conjunction with his wife, Hilda Petrie. Some consider his most famous discovery to be that of the Merneptah Stele, an opinion with which Petrie himself concurred. Petrie developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings.
Over 2,000 new Hieroglyphs may soon be available for use on cell phones, computers, and other digital devices. The Unicode Consortium recently released a revised draft of standards for encoding Egyptian Hieroglyphs. If approved, the available Hieroglyphs will provide greater access and global uniformity for Egyptologists, covering a much longer period of Hieroglyphic usage than ever before. The proposal is part of a larger effort between the Unicode Consortium, ancient linguists, font designers, and the federal government to attempt to study, preserve, and then digitally represent ancient and endangered languages through the use of computer code.
Between 750 and 1,000 Hieroglyphs were used by Egyptian authors during the periods of the Old, Middle, and then New Kingdom (2687 BCE–1081 BCE). That number later greatly increased during the Greco-Roman period, likely to around 7,000. It was during this later time that Egypt was occupied and ruled by Alexander the Great, the Ptolemies (which included Cleopatra), and then the Roman Empire (332 BCE–641 CE). The language grew, changed, and diversified over the course of thousands of years, a fact which can now be reflected through its digital encoding. Although Egyptian Hieroglyphs have been defined within Unicode since version 5.2, released in 2009, the glyphs were highly limited in number and did not stretch into the Greco-Roman period. There was also no agreed upon method for placing hieroglyphs into groups.