Category: edfu

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A rare surviving Merkhet. A time keeping device that made use of the movements of select stars in order to tell the current time. This particular one is made from bronze and was owned by a astronomer-priest named Bes. String and plum bob is modern. Egypt (Edfu), 26th dynasty. ~600 BCE. [1536×1151]


The god Horus, Edfu


Edfu temple is located in the city of Edfu, almost 778 km from Cairo, Egypt. It is characterized by its massive construction and magnitude. It was built for the worship of Horus of Bahdity, represented by a falcon, headed by the winged sun. The name Bahdati is derived from the ancient name of the City of Edfu, which used to be called Bahdat. It took around 100 years to finish working on it and was discovered by the great archeologist Merit in 1860 as it was dug out of dust. This monument was discovered recently and since then the lines of tourists and visitors never stop.


It is considered the only temple to maintain its good condition. It starts with an edifice, open courtyard, another courtyard, decorated by two statues of the Idol Horus at its gate, a hall of two compartments; one a library and the other a storeroom for religious rituals vessels and tools, two corridors; one for the provision of sacrifices and the other a rest place for the idol, and lastly the sanctum sanctorum.

Engravings on the walls are many and tell legendary stories and myths such as the conflict between Horus and Set, the triumph of good over evil, references to the trinity of Edfu, and familial paintings, symbolizing the annual journey of Horus meeting his wife Hathor, Lady of Dandarah once a year.


Edfu Temple’s legend narrates the Conflict between “Horus” and “Set”, and how “Hore Bhdty” (who was represented as the winged sun disk) overcame on “Set” and his aides, and how Isiss son helped him as in Osoris legend. The legend tells us also how a group of men who knew about the metal industry art helped him, and how Edfu’s Priests and Abusirs Women sang about his victories in Delta. Hathor the Dandaras goddess was worshiped with “Hore Bhdty”, then a relationship happened between them, and he took her as a wife, after that he took “Horus Samattaway” Unified the two countries as a son to configure the Edfu Trinity Hore Bhdty , Hathor and Horus Samattaway

Statue of Horus at Edfu

Relief of a winged jackal

A winged jackal among the temple’s Ptolemaic hieroglyphs, detail of a wall carving at the Temple of Horus in Edfu.

Statue of the god Horus

The granite statue of the falcon-headed god Horus at the ancient Egyptian temple of Horus at Edfu.