Category: culture

A Detail No. “16”.
#cairo #egypt #photography #streetphotography #culture #everydayegypt #everydayeverywhere (at Cairo, Egypt)

Bread in Ancient Egypt

The base of Ancient Egyptians diet depended mainly upon bread, thus it has been used as food for all Egyptians wealthy and poor and was consumed at every meal, and no meal was considered complete without them. But the bread they ate dissents in many ways from the bread we are employed to eating today. Bread as made from wheat grains consisting mainly of starch, proteins, traces of vitamins and minerals it played an important role in the ancient Egyptians life, economy and religious cult rituals. 

Bread was mainly made from wheat grains but sometimes almost any cereal grains was used in bread making, and that what made variability of Egyptian bread the structure and texture. Bread production depended mainly on farming which was the main business of ancient Egyptians and wheat, grains as well as fruits were the primary cultivation, and generally. Harvesting in ancient Egypt speaking harvest time was a time of hard working from sunrise to sunset with occasional breaks for drinking and eating.

The process of bred production began with cleaning an area of the ground in the field then the grain stalks are gathered, packed in heaps, threshed to remove the outer chaff and this was don mechanically resulting in the separation of husks from grains using cattle or sheep which were driven over the cultivated, gathered and heaped stalks of grains by men wielding sticks. Followed by treading the kernels out of their husks, then the straw was swept away with brooms and the grains by throwing it into the air and letting the wind carry off the lighter chaff after that sieves were used to remove finer chaffs. 

Gathered wheat or grains are then placed in bowls, pounded with a pestle making coarse flour, and to make finer flour, the grains was ground and milled into flour between two heavy stones or the cracked wheat was put onto a quern, a sloping stone with a bowl or trough at the lower end for collecting the flour, after this other ingredients were added to make dough that was baked into bread, thus the commonest type of bread was made with just flour and water, kneaded made into flat pancakes of dough cooked on a shelf over the fire or by being slapped onto the wall of a clay oven,taking in consideration and knowing that there were many types of bread, including pastries and cakes.

The procedure of bread baking involved a sort of fermentation, thus the first records of bread are in ancient Egyptian, where possibly one day a mixture of flour meal and water was left longer than usual on a warm day to be fermented through the presence of the yeasts that occur naturally in the flour, in milk that may sometime be added as a flavour then left to rise and leven up through fermention before baking in ovens, the resulting bread are usually lighter and more tasty than the normal flat, hard bread loafs.Bread preparation and baking is associated with ancient Egyptian women in their family houses. 

The best known process of baking are well illustrated in various artistic depicted scenes such as the depictions on a relief in the tomb of Ti at Saqqara dated back to the 5th Dynasty, also statuettes and models from the tomb of Meketra from Middle Kingdom illustrating baking procedures and its details from the Old Kingdom and, also several tombs at Beni Hasan contain bread-making scenes, and another depiction is found on the wall paintings of Nebamun’s tomb dated to the New Kingdom located in the West Bank of Thebes (modern Luxor).

Figurine of Taweret

Wooden statuette of

Taweret, the protective goddess of childbirth and fertility. Ptolemaic Period, 

2nd-1st century BC. Now in the Fitzwilliam Museum.

Google Doodle Pays Homage to Khufu Ship Discovery

Marking exactly 65 years since its discovery, Google Doodle is celebrating the unearthing of Khufu ship, found inside the funeral temple of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh from the Old kingdom.

“On this day [26 May] in 1954, one of the oldest and largest boats on earth was found buried near Egypt’s biggest pyramid. Today’s Doodle celebrates the discovery of the Khufu Ship, which has survived more than 4,600 years, although its true purpose remains a mystery,” describes Google in the description of the doodle.

The 4,600 year-old ship was was originally found in 1954 inside the Great Pyramid of Giza. Read more.

A Detail No. “14”
على رزق الله.
#cairo #egypt #photography #streetphotography #everydayeverywhere #everydayegypt #landscape #culture #traditional #lifestyle #green (at Cairo, Egypt)

The Base of Menkaure’s Pyramid.

The bottom courses of granite 𓌳𓄿𓏏𓏋𓊌𓏫 “mAt” are visibly unfinished, probably halted in mid-work due to the death of the pharaoh 𓉐𓉼 “pr-eA” ‘Great House’. The pyramid’s 𓍋𓅓𓂋𓉴 “mr” date of construction is unknown, because Menkaure’s (𓇳𓏠𓂓) “mn-kA-re” ‘The established one of the ka of Ra’ reign has not been accurately defined, but it was probably completed in the 26th century BC.

It lies a few hundred yards southwest of its larger neighbours, the Pyramid of Khafre (𓇳𓈍𓆑) “hA-f-re” ‘He Appears as Ra’ and the Great Pyramid of Khufu (𓐍𓅱𓆑𓅱) “h-w-f-w” ‘He Protects Me’ in the Giza necropolis.

Attempted Demolition:

At the end of the twelfth century al-Malek al-Aziz Othman ben Yusuf, Saladin’s son and heir, attempted to demolish the pyramids, starting with Menkaure’s.𓏤

The workmen whom Al-Aziz had recruited to demolish the pyramid stayed at their job for eight months, but found it almost as expensive to destroy as to build. They could only remove one or two stones each day.𓏤

Some used wedges and levers to move the stones, while others used ropes to pull them down. When a stone fell, it would bury itself in the sand, requiring extraordinary efforts to free it.𓏤

Wedges were used to split the stones into several pieces, and a cart was used to carry it to the foot of the escarpment, where it was left. Due to such conditions, they could only damage the pyramid by leaving a large vertical gash in its north face.

#egypt #egyptian #ancient #ancientegypt #hieroglyphics #ägypten #middleeast #worldtourismday #thisisegypt #egyptologist #temple #myegypt #egyptianhistory #egyptology #archeology #hieroglyphs #madeinegypt #egypte #egyptians #egyptshots #loveegypt #discoveregypt #ruins #pyramid #menkaure #granite #limestone #pharaoh

A Detail No. “13”
Stalker effect.
#cairo #egypt #photography #streetphotography #everydayeverywhere #everydayegypt #brown #culture #traditional (at Cairo, Egypt)

Qasr Qaroun Temple…
Is located in the southern western side of Lake Qaroun, Fayoum. The temple was built during the Greco-Roman era. It was dedicated to the crocodile God Sobek.
#Mo_sharkawi1 #egyptpassion #retreat #yoga #inspiration #alchemistofunconditionallove #night #tourism #travel #culture #history #civilization #heritage

Hatshepsut offering wine. Three statues of queen Hatshepsut (ca. 1507-1458 BC) in row, kneeling and making an offering of wine, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York…

#thegiftsofmindfulness #iregipto #egyptpassion #retreat #yoga #inspiration #alchemistofunconditionallove #night #tourism #travel #culture #history #civilization #heritage

Never stop dreaming of moonbeams and fairy dust, shiny stars and the wonder of the heavens, a happier life and a better world.

📍 Cairo. Egypt 🇪🇬
#thegiftsofmindfulness #iregipto #egyptpassion #retreat #yoga #inspiration #alchemistofunconditionallove #night #tourism #travel #culture #history #civilization #heritage #visit_egypt #Mo_sharkawi1 #time