Category: archaeology

More Than 800 Egyptian Tombs Revealed in Ancie…

Described for the first time, the 4,000-year-old “rabbit’s warren” represents one of the largest groupings of Middle Kingdom burials.

For thousands of years, a necropolis has been lurking under the desert near the village of Lisht in Egypt, just south of Al Ayyat. Located at the edge of the Sahara, the ancient cemetery is no secret; today, a pair of pyramids rises above the landscape in the north and south of the burial grounds.

In just a single field season, a joint expedition between the University of Alabama-Birmingham and the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities mapped out a whopping 802 tombs at Lisht.

Spanning from roughly 2030 to 1650 BC, the Middle Kingdom is a period marked by flourishing art and culture.

Read more.

A sarcophagus with a mummy uncovered in Late P…


Excavations carried out by an Egyptian mission near the Aga Khan Mausoleum on Aswan’s west bank uncovered an anthropoid sandstone sarcophagus with a mummy inside of a Late Period tomb.

Mostafa Waziri, the secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, told Ahram Online that the mummy inside the sarcophagus is wrapped in linen and in a very good conservation condition.

Waziri pointed out that more studies are needed to identify the sarcophagus’ owner.

He noted that the mission also uncovered a couple of Late Period tombs with walls decorated with scenes depicting several deities such as Isis, Hathor, and Anubis. Read more.

Egyptian archaeologists find sandstone sphinx …


Egyptian archaeologists draining water from a temple in the southern city of Aswan have uncovered a sandstone sphinx likely dating to the Ptolemaic era

The sandstone statue of Sphinx that was discovered in Kom Ombo Temple in upper Egypt is seen in this handout picture obtained on September 16, 2018. 
The sphinx, a mythical being with the head of a human and the body of a lion, was discovered at the Kom Ombo temple, where two engraved sandstone reliefs of King Ptolemy V had also recently been found.
Photo: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities/Handout via REUTERS

Pharaonic cemetery found near Senusert I pyram…


A stone cemetery was found roughly 300 meters northeast of the pyramid of King Senusert I, the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry announced on Wednesday.

It was discovered by an Egyptian archaeological excavation mission working in the Lisht, the site of the Middle Kingdom’s royal and elite burials.

Adel Okasha, director of the Central Department of Antiquities of Cairo and Giza, reported that the cemetery is carved on the rocky edge of a mountain, and consists of two areas.

The first is an open yard, leading to a vaulted corridor with some hieroglyphic inscriptions, and a cross-sectional hall. On its western side is a small compartment, decorated with traces of inscriptions. Read more.

Pile of models and other objects in situ, fo…

Pile of models and other objects in situ, found between the east wall of tomb 10A and the outer coffin of Governor Djehutynakht, Deir el-Bersha, 1915

Gender, age of Alexandria sarcophagus remains …


The Ministry of Antiquities announced on Sunday that archaeological studies on the skeletons from the Alexandria sarcophagus discovered in July have identified the genders, ages and height of the remains through anthropological screening.

Chief of the Central Administration of Antiquities in Lower Egypt, Nadia Khadr said that “The first skeleton was a woman aged between 20 and 25 years-old, and was between 160 and 164 cm. The second was a man aged between 30 and 35 years-old, measuring between 160 and 165.5 cm.”

“The third skeleton was a man aged between 40 and 44 years-old. He had a strong body, with measurements of 179 and 184.5 cm,” she said.

Mostafa Wazeri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, added that the research team also found gold chips from badges, which are currently are being studied. Read more.

Archaeological excavations at Buto, Tell El Fa…

Archaeological excavations at Buto, Tell El Fara’in (Hill of the Pharaohs)

Buto was an ancient city located 95 km east of Alexandria in the Nile Delta. The goddess Wadjet was its local deity, often represented as a cobra, also considered the patron deity of Lower Egypt. The Egyptians named it Per-Wadjet.

World’s oldest cheese found in Egyptian tomb


Aging usually improves the flavor of cheese, but that’s not why some very old cheese discovered in an Egyptian tomb is drawing attention. Instead, it’s thought to be the most ancient solid cheese ever found, according to a study published in ACS’ journal Analytical Chemistry.

The tomb of Ptahmes, mayor of Memphis in Egypt during the 13th century BC, was initially unearthed in 1885. After being lost under drifting sands, it was rediscovered in 2010, and archaeologists found broken jars at the site a few years later. One jar contained a solidified whitish mass, as well as canvas fabric that might have covered the jar or been used to preserve its contents. Enrico Greco and colleagues wanted to analyze the whitish substance to determine its identity.

After dissolving the sample, the researchers purified its protein constituents and analyzed them with liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Read more.

Burial chambers of two Middle Kingdom official…


An Egyptian-Australian mission from Maquarie University has accidently uncovered the burial chambers of Rimushenty and Baqet II, who were top officials during ancient Egypt’s Middle Kingdom and rulers of the country’s 16th Nome.

The discovery was made while the team was carrying out cleaning work inside a tomb at the Beni Hassan necropolis in Minya governorate. No mummies or sarcophagi were found in the burial chambers.

Ayman Ashmawi, head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Department at the Ministry of Antiquities, said that Rimushenty’s burial chamber was found at the bottom of a three-metre-deep shaft.

Ashmawi told Ahram Online that no funerary collection was found inside the main burial chamber, explaining that the collection “was probably removed by British Egyptologist Percy E. Newberry, who worked in Beni Hassan necropolis between 1893 and 1900.” Read more.

Where’s the Tomb of King Tut’s Wife? Valley of…


Before ancient Egyptians constructed a tomb they would dig holes that contained buried artifacts. The tomb would then be built nearby. Recently, in the Valley of the Kings (where King Tut was buried), archaeologists unearthed a set of these “foundation deposits,” but to their puzzlement, no tomb has been found.

Discovered in 2010 near the tomb of King Ay(who married King Tut’s widow), four foundation deposits were found that hold a blue-painted vase, knives with wooden handles and the head of a bovine. The four foundation deposits are in a rectangular shape. A radar scan of the site, in the West Valley, showed an anomalous void that hinted there was a tomb entrance near the deposits. Excavations resumedin January 2018.

The fact that the deposits are located near the tomb of Ay raised the possibility that the tomb could be that of Ankhesenamun, King Tutankhamun’s wife. Read more.