Category: 4th dynasty

Khafre Enthroned

Khafre Enthroned

Diorite statue of king Khafra on throne with wings of falcon god Horus wrapped around his head, from the Valley Temple of Khafre near the Sphinx of Giza.

Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, reign of Khafra, around ca. 2570 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Khafre Enthroned

Khafre Enthroned

Diorite statue of king Khafra on throne with wings of falcon god Horus wrapped around his head, from the Valley Temple of Khafre near the Sphinx of Giza.

Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, reign of Khafra, around ca. 2570 BC. To be in the Grand Egyptian Museum.

Triad of Menkaure The king accompanied by…

Triad of Menkaure

The king accompanied by Hathor and a Nome Goddess with the crouching jackal emblem of the nome of Cynopolis. Menkaure is wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt, the schist statue is from the Valley Temple of the Pyramid of Menkaure at Giza. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, around 2530 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Triad of Menkaure Detail of the hands of king…

Triad of Menkaure

Detail of the hands of king Menkaure and goddess Hathor. Greywacke triad with figures of Menkaure, Hathor, and Diospolis Parva nome goddess (Bat).

Menkaure was the fifth king of the 4th Dynasty. Son of Khafra. Husband of Khamerernebty II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as king Mycerinus.

Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, reign of Menkaure, around ca. 2530 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Ivory statuette of Khufu This is the only…

Ivory statuette of Khufu

This is the only surviving representation so far known of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. Khufu is identifiable here due to his Horus name being preserved on the piece.

He sits on a throne, wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt, and a short kilt. In his right hand, over his chest, he holds a flail, while his left hand rests upon his left knee.

From the Temple of Osiris at Abydos. Ivory, height: 7.5 cm. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, ca. 2589-2566 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 36143

Scenes from the Tomb of Nefermaat

Scenes from the Tomb of Nefermaat

Here we can see beautifully presented scenes of daily life, the vivid color being the result of colored paste inlays inserted into the reliefs. One scene shows a desert hunter, coming close to his prey, while dog attacks foxes in the register below. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, around 2600 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Photo: Sandro Vannini

Khufu Solar Ship  The intact full-size sh…

Khufu

Solar

Ship 

The intact full-size ship of King Khufu, around ca. 2500 BC, is now preserved in the Giza Solar boat museum at the base of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Khafre Enthroned The king is sitting on a l…

Khafre Enthroned

The king is sitting on a lion-legged throne. He wears the nemes-headdress, with a uraeus at the forehead, a false beard and a short kilt. His left arm is placed on his left knee, while his right hand is on his right knee, clasped around a folded cloth a symbol of authority.

On each side of the throne can be seen the sema-tawy motif representing the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. Although the statue looks to be of one person King Khafre it is, in fact, a triad. The king is Osiris in death, while the falcon at the back of his head is Horus; the throne upon which the king sits is the hieroglyphic symbol for Isis.

Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, ca. 2570 BC. Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Photo: Sandro Vannini 

Great Sphinx of Giza

Great Sphinx of Giza

Statue of Menkaure and Khamerernebty II

Statue of Menkaure and Khamerernebty II

Greywacke statue of King Menkaure and Queen Khamerernebty II. The last great pyramid builder on the Giza Plateau. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, ca. 2532-2503 BC. Now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.