Category: 20th dynasty

View of west portico with painted columns, s…

View of west portico with painted columns, second courtyard of the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III. Medinet Habu, West Thebes.

Scene from Book of Caverns showing the sun god…

Scene from Book of Caverns showing the sun god Ra in his ram-headed form stretching out his wings to emerge from the darkness of the underworld.

Tomb of Twosret and Setnakhte (KV14). New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, ca. 1189-1077 BC. Valley of the Kings, West Thebes. Photo: Francesco Gasparetti/Flickr

Goddess Hathor, detail of wall painting from…

Goddess Hathor, detail of wall painting from the

Tomb of Amun-her-khepeshef (QV55). New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, ca. 1189-1077 BC. Valley of the Queens, West Thebes.

Detail of a wall painting from Illustrated Boo…

Detail of a wall painting from Illustrated Book of Gates and Book of Caverns, phallus-erect deity continually recreates sun from intercourse with twelve-hour goddesses, from the Tomb of Ramesses VI

(KV9). New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, ca. 1189-1077 BC. Valley of the Kings, West Thebes. Photo: Sandro Vannini

Relief depicting Ramesses III and baboons wo…

Relief depicting Ramesses III and baboons worshiping Ra’s barque, from a lintel in one of the sanctuaries of the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III, Medinet Habu.

Relief depicting the fertility god Min in the …

Relief depicting the fertility god Min in the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III, Medinet Habu

spiritsdancinginthenight: Wife of Amenhotep an…

spiritsdancinginthenight:

Wife of Amenhotep and grandmother of Amenemope, Henutmeter.
Tomb of Amenemope, New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, c. 1186-1069 B.C.

Pharaoh Ramesses III greeting the God Hapi (…

Pharaoh Ramesses III greeting the God Hapi (Son of Horus), detail of a wall painting from the Tomb of

Amun-her-khepeshef (QV55). New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, ca. 1189-1077 BC. Valley of the Queens, West Thebes.

Inherkhau worshiping the jackal gods, detail o…

Inherkhau worshiping the jackal gods, detail of a wall painting from the tomb of Inherkhau. New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, ca. 1189-1077 BC. Deir el-Medina, West Thebes.

Workers’ strike at Deir el-Medin…

Workers’ strike

at

Deir el-Medina

Even though they regarded the pharaoh as a kind of living god, Egyptian workers were not afraid to protest for better working conditions. The most famous example came in the 12th century B.C. during the reign of the New Kingdom pharaoh Ramesses III. When laborers engaged in building the royal necropolis at Deir el-Medina did not receive their usual payment of grain, they organized one of the first recorded strikes in history. The protest took the form of a sit-in: The workers simply entered nearby mortuary temples and refused to leave until their grievances were heard. The gamble worked, and the laborers were eventually given their overdue rations.