Sunken-relief hieroglyphs of an owl 𓅓 and a horned snake 𓆑 carved on a granite 𓌳𓄿𓏏𓏋𓊌𓏫 “mAt” obelisk 𓏏𓐍𓈖𓉶 “thn”. The owl represent the “letter M” and the horned snake represents the “letter F and the pronouns He/It”.𓏤
You have to be a lover of all things Egyptian 𓂋𓐝𓎀𓀂𓀭𓏪 “rmT” to truly appreciate the detail in the carvings. The many levels/layers of the owl’s body and brow with eyes. Even the snake’s horns are lightly carved.𓏤
Carvings on the Antique Egyptian Obelisk, in the Hippodrome, Istanbul, Turkey. Transported from Egypt:
The Ancient Egyptian Canopic jars played an important role in the process and rituals associated with mummification, the creation of Mummies. Definition: Canopic jars were wide necked funerary jars designed to contain the large human organs called the *viscera which were extracted during the process of mummification.
Ancient Egyptian Canopic Jars – The Four Sons of Horus
The canopic jars containing each of the four organs were identified with different gods who were the sons of Horus.
Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris and was depicted with the body of a man and the head of Hawk. Horus was a god of the sky and the sun
The four sons of Horus who were deemed to be protectors of the parts of the body which had been removed during the process of mummification.
The four sons of Horus were in turn each protected by powerful female gods:
🔖Imsety was depicted as the man-headed god and was under the protection of Isis
🔖Hapi was depicted in baboon form and was under the protection of Nephthys
🔖Duamutef was depicted in jackal form and was under the protection of Neith
🔖Qebehsenuef was depicted in hawk form and was under the protection of Serket.
The Egyptian mummification process lasted for a period of 70 days. The seventy day period corresponded to the length of time during which Sirius, the ‘Dog Star’, appeared to die by dipping below the horizon. Osiris and his wife Isis have both been closely associated with this star. However, Canopus is the second brightest star in the Egyptian sky and according to Plutarch, Canopus is linked with the god of the dead, Osiris. In Greek the word Canopus means “eye of the dog” implying a relationship with Sirius, the Dog star.
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The bottom courses of granite 𓌳𓄿𓏏𓏋𓊌𓏫 “mAt” are visibly unfinished, probably halted in mid-work due to the death of the pharaoh 𓉐𓉼 “pr-eA” ‘Great House’. The pyramid’s 𓍋𓅓𓂋𓉴 “mr” date of construction is unknown, because Menkaure’s (𓇳𓏠𓂓) “mn-kA-re” ‘The established one of the ka of Ra’ reign has not been accurately defined, but it was probably completed in the 26th century BC.
It lies a few hundred yards southwest of its larger neighbours, the Pyramid of Khafre (𓇳𓈍𓆑) “hA-f-re” ‘He Appears as Ra’ and the Great Pyramid of Khufu (𓐍𓅱𓆑𓅱) “h-w-f-w” ‘He Protects Me’ in the Giza necropolis.
At the end of the twelfth century al-Malek al-Aziz Othman ben Yusuf, Saladin’s son and heir, attempted to demolish the pyramids, starting with Menkaure’s.𓏤
The workmen whom Al-Aziz had recruited to demolish the pyramid stayed at their job for eight months, but found it almost as expensive to destroy as to build. They could only remove one or two stones each day.𓏤
Some used wedges and levers to move the stones, while others used ropes to pull them down. When a stone fell, it would bury itself in the sand, requiring extraordinary efforts to free it.𓏤
Wedges were used to split the stones into several pieces, and a cart was used to carry it to the foot of the escarpment, where it was left. Due to such conditions, they could only damage the pyramid by leaving a large vertical gash in its north face.
Hathor was a major goddess in ancient Egyptian religion who played a wide variety of roles. As a sky deity, she was the mother or consort of the sky god Horus and the sun god Ra, both of whom were connected with kingship, and thus she was the symbolic mother of their earthly representatives, the pharaohs. She was one of several goddesses who acted as the Eye of Ra, Ra’s feminine counterpart, and in this form she had a vengeful aspect that protected him from his enemies. Her beneficent side represented music, dance, joy, love, sexuality and maternal care, and she acted as the consort of several male deities and the mother of their sons. These two aspects of the goddess exemplified the Egyptian conception of femininity. Hathor crossed boundaries between worlds, helping deceased souls in the transition to the afterlife.