Temple of Debod, Madrid
This temple was built in the second century BC in the south of Egypt on the shore of the River Nile. But what is it now doing in Madrid?
In the 1960s, Egypt built the Aswan Dam in order to control the annual flooding of the Nile. This enormous construction project meant an overall improvement to the Egyptians’ quality of life, but many temples and archaeological sites were doomed to end up underwater.
For this reason, UNESCO launched an ambitious program: stone by stone they relocated all of this historical sites to places outside the flooded area. Spain, in thanks for its help in this project, received the Temple of Debod as a gift. It was dismantled and rebuilt in Madrid and opened to the public in 1972.